12 Ancient Inventions That Scientists Still Can’t CrackTranslate

23 days ago · Old Is Gold · 0 Comment
Categories: Mystery     Tags: Scientists · Inventions · 12ancient

The longer scientists research our ancient heritage, the more questions arise. It seems that the ancient world might be very different from how we imagine it.

GIGGAG put together 12 items from the distant past which prove that our ancestors possessed knowledge and skills far more advanced than we once believed.

11. Roman Dodecahedron, 2nd-3rd Centuries AD

11. Roman dodecahedron, 2nd-3rd centuries AD

About a hundred such items have been found all over the world: in Italy, the UK, France, Germany, Hungary, and even in Vietnam. Speculated uses of the dodecahedron include candlestick holders, dice, gauges to calibrate water pipes, or even a fortune-telling device.

10. Nimrud Lens, 750-710 BC

10. Nimrud lens, 750-710 BC

This optical lens made of crystal rock was unearthed at the Assyrian palace of Nimrud, in modern-day Iraq, in 1850. The lens is equivalent to a 3X magnifying effect. Some scientists believe that it was part of a telescope or had a decorative function.

9. Baghdad Battery, C. 2500 BC

9. Baghdad battery, c. 2500 BC

The battery consists of terracotta pots containing a copper cylinder housing a single iron rod. Replicas of these pots filled with electrolytes could produce a voltage of approximately 2 volts. Perhaps the ancient Babylonians were aware of the galvanizing method and used the item to electroplate gold onto silver objects. However, skeptics claim that these pots were used as storage for scrolls.

8. Phaistos Disc, 2700-1400 BC

8. Phaistos Disc, 2700-1400 BC

The Phaistos Disc was discovered in the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the island of Crete in 1908. The origin of the disc and the meaning of its signs are still unclear because the clay the disc is made from is not found anywhere on Crete, and the signs don’t have enough background to be deciphered.

7. Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques, 2667 BC

7. Egyptian pyramid construction techniques, 2667 BC

Scientists still cannot come to an agreement about which construction techniques were used to build the Egyptian pyramids. There are a few different construction hypotheses. One of them claims that the stones were not actually carved but made of concrete right at the construction place. However, this method does not explain the huge natural granite stones weighing over 10 tons.

6. Sabu Disc, 3100-3000 BC

6. Sabu Disc, 3100-3000 BC

This stone disc was discovered in the tomb of Sabu in the village of Saqqara in Egypt. Since no analogs of this disc have been found so far, it is very hard to say what its purpose was. Our guess is that it’s definitely not a plate, or a lantern, or a wheel. What’s yours?

5. Antikythera Mechanism, 100 BC

5. Antikythera mechanism, 100 BC

This ancient device was recovered from the Antikythera wreck off the Greek island of Antikythera in 1901. It is a complex clockwork mechanism composed of at least 30 meshing bronze gears housed inside a wooden box.

This mechanism is often called an "ancient Greek computer" because it can predict astronomical positions and eclipses for calendar and astrological purposes. It also tracks the cycle of the ancient Olympic Games.

4. Iron Pillar Of Delhi, 415 AD

4. Iron pillar of Delhi, 415 AD

Being one of the major sightseeing attractions of Delhi, this pillar is notable for the fact that it’s been almost unaffected by rust for its 1,600-year existence. Some hypotheses claim that the pillar was made from a meteorite, however, this proved to be wrong. It seems likely that ancient Indian ironsmiths achieved a high level of skill in the extraction and processing of iron. With this method, they created an even oxide layer, which served to protect the pillar from the effects of the Delhi climate.

3. Flexible Glass, 14-37 AD

3. Flexible glass, 14-37 AD

An unknown craftsman invented a flexible glass that couldn’t be broken. He made a drinking bowl out of it and brought it to the Roman Emperor Tiberius Caesar as a gift. Ceasar appreciated the gift and beheaded the inventor for fear that such a material could undermine the value of gold and silver.

2. Zhang Hang’s Seismoscope, 132 AD

2. Zhang Hang’s seismoscope, 132 AD

This seismoscope was produced by the remarkable Chinese inventor Zhang Hang. When an earthquake approached, Zhang’s device dropped a bronze ball from a dragon head into the mouth of a toad sitting below. The device had a swinging pendulum inside which was connected to the dragon heads with levers.

1. Nebra Sky Disk, C. 1600 BC

1. Nebra sky disk, c. 1600 BC

This bronze disk with the golden symbols of a sun, a lunar crescent, and stars was found near Nebra, Germany, in 1999. It was initially suspected of being a forgery, but now it is widely accepted as authentic. This device provides close observation of the yearly course of the sun and the angle between its rising and setting points at the summer and winter solstice, making it the oldest "portable instrument" to allow astronomical measures.

Preview photo credit Kowloonese/Wikipedia Commons

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