Today we are aware of the people of Nazca from Peru thanks to the huge drawings they made on the surface of the Nazca Desert. There were theories of their alien origins however the scientists determined the Nazca people used those geoglyphs as a way to communicate with gods by moving along the lines. At first it was considered that the civilization of those people vanished in a mysterious way. Yet recently researches from Cambridge University proved that it happened due to drought that was caused by deforestation.
The secrets of Easter Island and its stone idols were revealed by the legendary Thor Heyerdahl who launched an expedition to explore the island. He was the first to start excavations at the site, as he learned that the Moai heads did actually came with bodies of as much as 20 feet in height. By applying an experiment, he proved that the statues could really be made with the tools that were known by the people at that time.
An enormous whale graveyard was found in the middle of the Atacama Desert in Chile. Scientists couldn’t understand what might have caused such a mass suicide of whales until it was found that the remains belong to different time periods, the first of which occurred about 20,000 years ago. The death of the sea giants was caused by the flowering of toxic algae.
In one 500-year-old copy of Odyssey by Homer were found strange handwritten notes in an unknown language. Daniele Metilli and Giulia Accetta from Italy considered this to be notes of a peculiar type of shorthand that was invented by Jean Coulon de Thévénot. According to the recent technological advancements however, as well as the full data access it was discovered that the shorthand was much more interesting than the meaning. In fact, this was a French translation from Greek.
Archaeologists have known about the sinkhole in the Aucilla River, south of Tallahassee, FL, for years. Because it is so dark, there’s never been dives in there until Jessi Halligan, a professor at Florida State University, decided to conduct research.
Her project brought unexpected results: her diving expedition found mastodon tusks that had long grooves left by human tools — and those were found nearby as well. The discovery strongly suggests that humans inhabited the Florida area much earlier than had been thought initially, dating back 14,500 years.
The very first computer in the world is believed to be the Antikythera mechanism, which was found on a sunken ship around approximately 80-50 B.C. The device came with a wooden case that has rotted off and with corroded metal parts. Yet recently some scientists managed to understand its real purpose. In fact, that was a sophisticated navigation machine. Similar mechanism was invented over a millennium after that.
In 524 B.C., the army of Persian King Cambyses II moved against the Ethiopians. Over 50,000 soldiers went to conquer the oases, but all of them vanished without a trace, leaving only a legend behind.
It’s been only recently that the scientists Angelo and Alfredo Castiglioni have found the remains of the legendary army, proving that during their 13 years of hard work the warriors didn’t just disappear but were killed in a violent sandstorm.
Thanks to the modern technologies, today we know more about the Bosham Head. For as long as two centuries, the 350-pound head was nameless and in bad condition. Thanks to a laser scan it became clear that it belonged to a great statue of Trajan, the Roman Emperor. It is known that this statue hailed travelers in the Chichester harbor. The head is considered to be one of the most important relics of Roman Britain.
People who have seen the Death Valley stones in California, have confessed that they felt their skin crawling because they seem to move once you turn away from them. This phenomenon had no explanation until Ralph Lorenz proved that during the winter ice shell was formed around the stones. Then as it thaws, the rocks start gliding due to the winds.
Historians considered the grave of Richard III to be demolished and his corpse to be thrown into the river as the monastery was bought by a private entrepreneur. Year later scientists from Leicester University managed to find the grave and the DNA test showed that the remains were the ones of Richard III.
The Mary Celeste was a famous ghost ship found in 1872 without a trace of her crew or any damage.
Chemist Dr. Andrea Sella conducted an experiment that explained the phenomenon. There were about 1,700 barrels of alcohol in the ship’s cargo hold that could’ve caught fire and made an "invisible explosion," in which a wall of fire is followed by a wave of cool air, thus leaving no fire or soot. The crew could have abandoned ship and perished in the sea.
The temple of Osiris is home to the Abydos hieroglyphs, which caused a serious discussion due to the alleged symbols of a tank, a helicopter, a tank, and a jet among them. So, did the Ancient Egyptians had secret knowledge?
After restoring the original hieroglyphs, it was proven that those were altered by time and deterioration.
The amateur archaeologist Dennis Holm made revealed one of the most significant historical events in Denmark. While searching the island of Funen with his metal detector in 2016, he came upon a solid gold pendant that depicted Jesus on the cross. This is the oldest symbol of Christianity found in Denmark and it is predating the Jelling Stones, that were believed to be the earliest symbol until that time. Today the cross is exhibited in the Viking Museum in Ladby, Denmark. The history of Christianity is now rewritten accordingly.